AgroScience Today, Volume 5, Issue 6 : 0890-0894

OPEN ACCESS | Published on : 30-Jun-2024

Abiotic Stress in Vegetables

  • Madhusmita Dishri
  • VIT School of Agricultural Innovations and Advanced Learning, Vellore Institute of Technology, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India.
  • Utpal Das
  • VIT School of Agricultural Innovations and Advanced Learning, Vellore Institute of Technology, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India.
  • Poonguzhali S
  • VIT School of Agricultural Innovations and Advanced Learning, Vellore Institute of Technology, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India.


Vegetables are naturally very sensitive, they are impacted by a variety of biotic and abiotic stresses. Abiotic stress is defined as any negative impact that non-living substances have on living organisms inside a certain ecosystem. The severe events of climate change, such as heat stress, water stress, drought, heavy rainfall, salinity, etc., have a significant impact on the productivity and production of vegetable crops. The numerous nutrients included in vegetables assist to reduce the risk of a number of ailments, including diabetes, blood pressure, cancer, and heart disease. Since most vegetables are over 90% water, they are extremely vulnerable to climate change. The quality and yields main of vegetables are directly lowered by abrupt changes in climatic conditions, such as temperature, which impacts all phases of plant development, pollination, flowering, and fruiting. When temperatures rise to such high levels, especially when there is wind or dryness, vegetable crops like tomatoes or beans may lose parts of their flowers, which will result in a poor fruit set. Elevated temperatures can disrupt the pollination process of sweet corn, leading to corn ears that are not fully filled. Cucurbits, the family that includes squash and pumpkins, usually grow largely male flowers under high temperatures, therefore few fruits are produced.


Abiotic stress, Vegetables, Effect


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