Greens are an important part of our diet. Its nutrients, minerals and fibre make it a compulsory inclusion in Indian food menu. The greens are currently marketed fresh and corner street vendors and bicycle vendors are the major retailers of greens. There is no large scale marketing and no processing involved. However ‘Keerai Kadai’ shows that the potential for marketing greens in packages and powdered forms are many. Government’s role in supply chain management is also improving and there are lots of opportunities in marketing of greens for farmers.
The main threats of the 21st century are land degradation and climate change, which harm crops as well as animals. Biochar application to soil has been widely advocated as an approach to enhancing soil health and reducing climate change. Biochar also acts as a sink for atmospheric CO2 in the soil due to its unique characteristics. Biochar also offers a lot of environmental solutions to minimize greenhouse gas emissions. Therefore, by converting agricultural and other waste into a potent soil supplement is a promising method for improving soil health and minimizing climate change effects, as well as for increasing food and feed security, preventing deforestation, and lowering fertilizer needs.
Salinity often construed as one of the serious constraint in crop production under ground level source of irrigation. Ambiance of salinity mechanism utters negative impact on crop production process, growth and development. Also, plant adapt on saline situation triggering salt tolerant genes to face the osmotic or oxidative reactions induced by soil salinity. Further, genetic improvement of pulses under increased salinity is quite complex and less proven progress. Gene alteration for saline resistant considered as a quite complex phenomenon besides the advances in resign the crop phenotype for this trait over years construed very dawdling in nature. Cited data on crop genetics and genomics failed to project innovative ideas on the synthesis of saline tolerant genotypes. Though substantial advancement have been made in studying the crop mechanism on abiotic stresses, still obstacles remain trendy elaborating the translation and molecular behavior of individual crop.
Ley farming is a system of farming in which grasses and legumes are cultivated in a proper rotation for the production of hay and silage to meet the needs of livestock and enhance soil fertility. This system involves the use of various annual and perennial grasses and legumes which grown in short-term and long-term to manage the soil. Addition of perennial grasses or legume component which has different duration in rotation with arable crop is a main approach of poor farmers to restore soil fertility and improve food and fodder availability.
Pisciculture contributes immensely to the agricultural income of Balasore district occupying a water spread area of 3942 ha. The district of Balasore comes under North Eastern Coastal Plain agro-climatic zone between 20-210 North latitude to 84-870 East longitude surrounded by neighbouring Mayurbhanj, Bhadrak & Bay of Bengal. The inland fish production solely comes from the carp culture activities undertaken in the tanks and ponds available in the district. Women folk of this particular area also involved in selling fishes & drying the marine fishes at the time of huge catch. But their profit was less due to unhygienic practices during preparation. After taking training & demonstration from KVK, Balasore the members of Samuka dry fish producers group started to prepare fish pickle with scientific practices &generated income of more than 40,000/-rupees.